Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is caused when bacteria in plaque (a sticky, colorless film that forms in the mouth) builds up between the gums and teeth. When the bacteria begin to grow, the gums surrounding the tooth can become inflamed. Periodontal treatment controls any infection that exists and halts progression of the disease. In more advanced cases, surgery may be required to restore supportive tissues. If you feel concerned about your gums and would like a professional to exam them, set up an appointment today.